The Cao Group

Molecular Simulation & Solar Energy Conversion
71. Xu, G.; Lei, H.; Zhou, G.; Zhang, C.; Xie, L.; Zhang, W.; Cao, R.*Boosting hydrogen evolution by using covalent frameworks of fluorinated cobalt porphyrins supported on carbon nanotubesChem. Commun. 2019, 55, 12647-12650. 
70. Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*Cao, R.*A new strategy for solar-to-hydrogen energy conversion: photothermal-promoted electrocatalytic water splitting. ChemElectroChem 2019, 6, 2762-2765. 
69. Liang, Z.; Zheng, H.*Cao, R.*Importance of electrocatalyst morphology for the oxygen reduction reaction. ChemElectroChem 2019, 6, 2600-2614. 
68. Huo, M.; Yang, Z.; Yang, C.; Gao, Z.; Qi, J.; Liang, Z.; Liu, K.; Chen, H.; Zheng, H.*Cao, R.*Hierarchical Zn-doped CoO nanoflowers for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction. ChemCatChem 2019, 11, 1480-1486. 
67. Lei, H.; Li, X.; Meng, J.; Zheng, H.Zhang, W.Cao, R.*Structure effects of metal corroles on energy-related small molecule activation reactions. ACS Catal. 2019, 9, 4320-4344. 
66. Meng, J.; Lei, H.; Li, X.; Qi, J.; Zhang, W.Cao, R.*Attaching cobalt corroles onto carbon nanotubes: verification of four-electron oxygen reduction by mononuclear cobalt complexes with significantly improved efficiency. ACS Catal. 2019, 9, 4551-4560. 
65. Liu, Y.; Han, Y.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, W.; Lai, W.; Wang, Y.; Cao, R.*Low overpotential water oxidation at neutral pH catalyzed by a copper(II) porphyrin. Chem. Sci. 2019, 10, 2613-2622. 
64. Li, H.; Li, X.; Lei, H.; Zhou, G.; Zhang, W.; Cao, R.*Convenient immobilization of cobalt corroles on carbon nanotubes through covalent bonds for electrocatalytic hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions. ChemSusChem 2019, 12, 801-806. 
63. Wang, N.; Lei, H.; Zhang, Z.; Li, J.; Zhang, W.; Cao, R.*Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution with gallium hydride and ligand-centered reduction. Chem. Sci. 2019, 10, 2308-2314. 
62. Liang, Z.; Zhang, C.; Xu, Y.; Zhang, W.; Zheng, H.*; Cao, R.*Dual tuning of ultrathin α‑Co(OH)2 nanosheets by solvent engineering and coordination competition for efficient oxygen evolution. ACS Sustainable Chem. Eng. 2019, 7, 3527-3535.
61. Liang, Z.; Yang, Z.; Duan, J.; Qi, J.; Yuan, H.; Gao, J.; Zhang, W.; Zheng, H.*; Cao, R.*Hollow bimetallic zinc cobalt phosphosulfides for efficient overall water splitting. Chem. Eur. J. 2019, 25, 621-626.
60. Liu, H.; Gao, X.; Yao, X.; Chen, M.; Zhou, G.; Qi, J.; Zhao, X.; Wang, W.*; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*Manganese(II) phosphate nanosheet assembly with native out-of-plane Mn centres for electrocatalytic water oxidation. Chem. Sci. 2019, 10, 191-197. 
59. Wang, N.; Zheng, H.; Zhang, W.; Cao, R.*Mononuclear first‐row transition‐metal complexes as molecular catalysts for water oxidationChinese Journal of Catalysis 2018, 39, 228-244. 
58. Gao, X.; Qi, J.; Wan, S.; Zhang, W.* Wang, Q.*; Cao, R.*Conductive molybdenum sulfide for efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution. Small 2018, 14, 1803361. 
57. Li, X.; Lei, H.; Liu, J.; Zhao, X.; Ding, S.; Zhang, Z.; Tao, X.; Zhang, W. Wang, W.; Zheng, X.*; Cao, R.*Carbon nanotubes with cobalt corroles for hydrogen and oxygen evolution in pH 0-14 solutions. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 15070-15075. 
56. Liang, Z.; Fan, X.; Lei, H.; Qi, J.; Li, Y.; Gao, J.; Huo, M.; Yuan, H.; Zhang, W. Lin, H.*; Zheng, H.*; Cao, R.*Cobalt–nitrogen-doped helical carbonaceous nanotubes as a class of efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 13187-13191. 
55. Liang, Z.; Huang, Z.; Yuan, H.; Yang, Z.; Zhang, C.; Xu, Y.; Zhang, W. Zheng, H.*; Cao, R.*Quasi-single-crystalline CoO hexagrams with abundant defects for highly efficient electrocatalytic water oxidationChem. Sci. 2018, 9, 6961-6968. 
54. Liang, Z.; Zhang, C.; Yuan, H.; Zhang, W. Zheng, H.*; Cao, R.*PVP-assisted transformation of a metal–organic framework into Co-embedded N-enriched meso/microporous carbon materials as bifunctional electrocatalystsChem. Commun. 2018, 54, 7519-7522. 
53. Lei, H.; Chen, M.; Liang, Z.; Liu, C.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Ni2P hollow microspheres for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution and reduction reactionsCatal. Sci. Technol. 2018, 8, 2289-2293. 
52. Liang, Z.; Yang, Z.; Huang, Z.; Qi, J.; Chen, M.; Zhang, W.; Zheng, H.*; Sun, J.*; Cao, R.*, Novel insight into the epitaxial growth mechanism of six-fold symmetrical β-Co(OH)2/Co(OH)F hierarchical hexagrams and their water oxidation activity. Electrochim. Acta 2018, 271, 526-536.
51. Jia, X.; Yang, Z.; Wang, Y.; Chen, Y.; Yuan, H.; Chen, H.; Xu, X.; Gao, X.; Liang, Z.; Sun, Y.; Li, J.; Zheng, H.*; Cao, R.*, Hollow mesoporous silica@metal–organic framework and applications for pH-responsive drug delivery. ChemMedChem 2018, 13, 400-405.
50. Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Porous materials as highly efficient electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction. ChemCatChem 2018, 10, 1206-1220.
49. Zhang, Z.;  Xu, L.*; Cao, R.*, Structures and single crystal to single crystal transformations of cadmium frameworks using a flexible tripodal ligand. New J. Chem. 2018, 42, 5593--5601. 
48. Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Solar-to-hydrogen energy conversion based on water splitting.  Adv. Energy Mater. 2018, 8, 1701620.
47. Guo, X.; Li, X.; Liu, X.; Li, P.; Yao, Z.; Li, J.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, J.; Xue, D.*Cao, R.*, Selective visible-light-driven oxygen reduction to hydrogen peroxide using BODIPY photosensitizers. Chem. Commun. 2018, 54, 845-848.

46. Zhao, X.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, PVP-assisted synthesis of porous CoO prisms with enhanced electrocatalytic oxygen evolution properties. J. Energy Chem. 2017, 26, 1210-1216.
45. Wu, Y.; Wang, L.; Chen, M.; Jin, Z.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Preparation of cobalt-based electrodes by physical vapor deposition on various nonconductive substrates for electrocatalytic water oxidation. ChemSusChem 2017, 10, 4699-4703.
44. Li, X.; Lei, H.; Guo, X.; Zhao, X.; Ding, S.; Gao, X.; Zhang, W.; Cao, R.*, Graphene-supported pyrene-modified cobalt corrole with axial triphenylphosphine for enhanced hydrogen evolution in pH 0-14 aqueous solutions. ChemSusChem 2017, 10, 4632-4641. (Special Issue)
43. Chen, F.; Wang, N.; Lei, H.; Guo, D.; Liu, H.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, W.; Lai, W.*; Cao, R.*, Electrocatalytic water oxidation by a water-soluble copper(II) complex with a copper-bound carbonate group acting as a potential proton shuttle. Inorg. Chem. 2017, 56, 13368-13375.
42. Chen, M.; Qi, J.; Guo, D.; Lei, H.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Facile synthesis of sponge-like Ni3N/NC for electrocatalytic water oxidation. Chem. Commun. 2017, 53, 9566-9569.
41. Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Aligned cobalt-based Co@CoOx nanostructures for efficient electrocatalytic water oxidation. Chem. Commun. 2017, 53, 9277-9280.
40. Wan, S.; Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*; Wang, W.; Zhang, S.; Liu, K.; Zheng, H.; Sun, J.; Wang, S.; Cao, R.*, Hierarchical Co(OH)F superstructure built by low-dimensional substructures for electrocatalytic water oxidation. Adv. Mater. 2017, 29, 1700286.
39. Guo, D.; Chen, F.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Phase-transfer synthesis of α-Co(OH)2 and its conversion to CoO for electrocatalytic water oxidation. Sci. Bull. 2017, 62, 626-632.
38. Sun, H.; Han, Y.; Lei, H.; Chen, M.; Cao, R.*, Cobalt corroles with phosphonic acid pendants as catalysts for oxygen and hydrogen evolution from neutral aqueous solution. Chem. Commun. 2017, 53, 6195-6198.
37. Chen, M.; Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, Electrosynthesis of NiPx nanospheres for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution from a neutral aqueous solution. Chem. Commun. 2017, 53, 5507-5510.
36. Xu, L.; Lei, H.; Zhang, Z.; Yao, Z.; Li, J.; Yu, Z.; Cao, R.*, The effect of the trans axial ligand of cobalt corroles on water oxidation activity in neutral aqueous solutions. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2017, 19, 9755-9761.
35. Zhang, S.; Zhang, Z.; Cao, R.*, Two-and three-dimensional silver acetylide frameworks with high-nuclearity silver cluster building blocks assembled using a bifunctional (4-ethynylphenyl)diphenyl phosphine ligand. Inorg. Chim. Acta 2017, 461, 57-63.
34. Liu, C.; Lei, H.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, F.; Cao, R.*, Oxygen reduction catalyzed by a water-soluble binuclear copper (II) complex from a neutral aqueous solution. Chem. Commun. 2017, 53, 3189-3192.
33. Zhang, W.; Lai, W.; Cao, R.*, Energy-related small molecule activation reactions: oxygen reduction and hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions catalyzed by porphyrin- and corrole-based systems. Chem. Rev. 2017, 117, 3717-3797.
32. Guo, D.; Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*Cao, R.*, Surface electrochemical modification of a nickel substrate to prepare a NiFe-based electrode for water oxidation. ChemSusChem 2017, 10, 394-400.
31. Zhang, W.; Wu, Y.; Qi, J.; Chen, M.; Cao, R.*, A thin NiFe hydroxide film formed by stepwise electrodeposition strategy with significantly improved catalytic water oxidation efficiency. Adv. Energy Mater. 2017, 7, 1602547.

30. Gao, Z.; Qi, J.; Chen, M.; Zhang, W.*Cao, R.*, An electrodeposited NiSe for electrocatalytic hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions in alkaline solutionElectrochim. Acta 2017, 224, 412-418.

29. Zhang, Z.; Zheng, K.; Xia, T.; Xu, L.; Cao, R.*, Ni3 versus Ni30: A truncated octahedron metal-organic cage constructed with [Ni5(CN)4]6+ squares and tripodal tris-tacn ligands that are large and flexible. Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 17576-17580.
28. Zheng, H.; Gao, F.*; Valtchev, V., Nanosized inorganic porous materials: fabrication, modification and application. J. Mater. Chem. A 2016, 4, 16756-16770.
27. Han, Y.; Fang, H.; Jing, H.; Sun, H.; Lei, H.; Lai, W.*; Cao, R.*, Singly versus doubly reduced nickel porphyrins for proton reduction: experimental and theoretical evidence for a homolytic hydrogen-evolution reaction. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 5457-5462.
26. Zhang, W.*; Qi, J.; Liu, K.; Cao, R.*, A nickel-based integrated electrode from an autologous growth strategy for highly efficient water oxidation. Adv. Energy Mater. 2016, 6, 1502489.
25. Xiang, R.; Wang, H.*;  Xin, Z.; Lu, Y.; Li, C.; Sun, H.; Gao, X.; Cao, R.*, A water-soluble copper-polypyridine complex as a catalyst for both photo-induced and electrocatalytic oxygen evolution. Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 5, 1602-1607.
24. Zhang, R.; Zhao, C.; Li, X.; Zhang, Z.; Ai, X.; Chen, H.*; Cao, R.*, A homoleptic, all-alkynyl-stabilized highly luminescent Au8Ag8 cluster with a single crystal X-ray structure. Dalton Trans. 2016, 45, 12772-12778.
23. Lei, H.; Liu, C.; Wang, Z.; Zhang, Z.; Zhang, M.; Chang, X.; Zhang, W.; Cao, R.*, Noncovalent immobilization of a pyrene-modified cobalt corrole on carbon supports for enhanced electrocatalytic oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution in aqueous solutions. ACS Catal. 2016, 6, 6429-6437.
22. Zheng, H.*; Zhang,Y.; Liu, L.; Wan, W.; Guo, P.; Nyström, A.*; Zou, X.*, One-pot synthesis of metal-organic frameworks with encapsulated target molecules and their applications for controlled drug delivery. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 962-968.
21. Verho, O.*; Zheng, H. (Equal contribution); Gustafson, K.; Nagendiran, A.; Zou, X.*, Bäckvall, J.*, Application of Pd nanoparticles supported on mesoporous hollow silica nanospheres for the efficient and selective semihydrogenation of alkynes. ChemCatChem 2016, 8, 773-778.
20. Wu, Y.; Chen, M.; Han, Y.; Luo, H.; Su, X.; Zhang, M. T.; Lin, X.; Sun, J.; Wang, L.; Deng, L.; Zhang ,W.; Cao, R.*, Fast and simple preparation of iron-based thin films as highly efficient water-oxidation catalysts in neutral aqueous solution. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 4870-4875.
19. Tang, F.; Cao, R.*; Gong, H.-Y.*, Aromatic plane effect study in pseudorotaxane construction between ‘Texas-sized’ molecular box and carboxylate anions. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56, 820-823.
18. Gong, H. Y.*; Tang, F.; Rambo, B. M.; Cao, R.*; Xiang, J. F.*; Sessler, J. L.*, Aromatic sulfonate anion-induced pseudorotaxanes: environmentally benign synthesis, selectivity, and structural characterization. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 1795-1798.
17. Liu, X.; Yi, Q.; Han, Y.; Liang, Z.; Shen, C.; Zhou, Z.; Sun, J. L.; Li, Y.; Du, W.*; Cao, R.*, A robust microfluidic device for the synthesis and crystal growth of organometallic polymers with highly organized structures. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 1846-1850.
16. Zhang, Z.; Yang, Y.; Sun, H.; Cao, R.*, Syntheses, structures and anion exchange properties of accommodative silver chains using a positively charged and flexible ligand. Inorg. Chim. Acta 2015, 434, 158-171.
15. Han, Y.; Wu, Y.; Lai, W.*; Cao, R.*, Electrocatalytic water oxidation by a water-soluble nickel porphyrin complex at neutral pH with low overpotential. Inorg. Chem. 2015, 54, 5604-5613.
14. Wang, Z.; Lei, H.; Cao, R.*; Zhang, M.*, Cobalt corrole on carbon nanotube as a synergistic catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in acid media. Electrochim. Acta 2015, 171, 81-88.
13. Zhang, R.; Hao, X.; Li, X.; Zhou, Z.; Sun, J.; Cao, R.*, Soluble silver acetylide for the construction and structural conversion of all-alkynyl-stabilized high-nuclearity homoleptic silver clusters. Cryst. Growth Des. 2015, 15, 2505-2513.
12. Ning, Y.; Gao, M.; Zheng, K.; Zhang, Z.; Zhou, J.; Hao, X.; Cao, R.*, Phosphate monoester hydrolysis at tricopper site: The advantage and disadvantage of closely assembled trimetallic active sites. J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem. 2015, 403, 43-51.
11. Zheng, H.*; Tai, C.; Su, J.; Zou, X.; Gao, F.*, Ultra-small mesoporous silica nanoparticles as efficient carriers for pH responsive releases of anti-cancer drugs. Dalton Trans. 2015, 44, 20186-20192.
10. Lei, H.; Fang, H.; Han, Y.; Lai, W.*; Fu, X.*; Cao, R.*, Reactivity and mechanism studies of hydrogen evolution catalyzed by copper corroles. ACS Catal. 2015, 5, 5145-5153.
9. Chen, M.; Wu, Y.; Han, Y.; Lin, X.; Sun, J.; Zhang, W.*; Cao, R.*, An iron-based film for highly efficient electrocatalytic oxygen evolution from neutral aqueous solution. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2015, 7, 21852-21859.
8. Qi, J.; Zhang, W.*; Xiang, R.; Liu, K.; Wang, H.; Chen, M.; Han, Y.; Cao, R.*, Porous nickel-iron oxide as highly efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction. Adv. Sci. 2015, 2, 1500199.